Romans 5:12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned-- 13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.

Romans 5:12-21 shows us Man's Ruin and Christ's Redemption

3 times Paul uses the words free gift and twice he uses the word gift in this section.

Paul talks about original sin in this passage

Put in one sentence: By the sin of Adam all men became sinners and were alienated from God; by the righteousness of Jesus Christ men have the opportunity become righteous and be restored to a right relationship with God

Sin originated with the devil, but

V12 Through one-man sin entered the world the word Adam means mankind

1Cor 15:21-22, 45 For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. 45 And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.

Acts 17:26 And He has made from one blood every nation of men to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined their preappointed times and the boundaries of their dwellings,

Psalm 51:5 Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me.

We were all in the loins of Adam or his seed. Remember Jesus Christ was born of a woman, but could not have a man's seed mixed with hers or else the man Jesus could not be perfect. The seed had to come from the Holy Spirit.

1. Idea of solidarity --- Jews are a clan or a nation

Achan - Joshua 7:1,     He sinned, and Israel lost what should have been an easy battle at Ai

His whole family was killed because of his sin

Joshua 7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass regarding the accursed things, for Achan the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed things; so the anger of the LORD burned against the children of Israel. 11 "Israel has sinned, and they have also transgressed My covenant which I commanded them. For they have even taken some of the accursed things, and have both stolen and deceived; and they have also put it among their own stuff. 12 "Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies, because they have become doomed to destruction. Neither will I be with you anymore, unless you destroy the accursed from among you. 20 And Achan answered Joshua and said, "Indeed I have sinned against the LORD God of Israel, and this is what I have done: 21 "When I saw among the spoils a beautiful Babylonian garment, two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold weighing fifty shekels, I coveted them and took them. And there they are, hidden in the earth in the midst of my tent, with the silver under it." 25 And Joshua said, "Why have you troubled us? The LORD will trouble you this day." So all Israel stoned him with stones; and they burned them with fire after they had stoned them with stones.

A person does not become a sinner because he sins; he sins because he is a sinner

2. Death is a direct consequence of sin:

The devil said in Genesis 3:5 "For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."

God gave a direct commandment not to eat of the fruit of the tree

V13 sin not imputed or accounted  Specific acts of sin were not charged to men until the law came

V14 but death came because of Adam's sin

Luther put it this way: As Adam caused death to his descendants even though they did not eat of the forbidden fruit, so Christ has become the Dispenser of righteousness to those who are of Him even though they have not earned any righteousness

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