Jesus: The True Shepherd of Israel 10:1-5

John 10:1 "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.  2 "But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.

 In this section of Scripture we will learn what a real shepherd is and how he behaves towards his sheep which is a picture or type of the Pastor/Leader and how he treats his people that he is supposed to be leading towards Godliness.  Jesus tells these people to listen up what He is about to say is real important since this section is a continuation of the story of the blind man being put out of the Synagogue by the Pharisees (false shepherds) and being found by Jesus (The True Shepherd) and how He cares for us and will even go out of His way at the expense of His own life to see us saved eternally. Jesus tells it like it is in this section as He always does, but here He begins to really hit the Pharisees hard by telling them what had been prophesied in Ezekiel Chapter 34.  In that section of Scripture it speaks of the Pharisees being false shepherds and those who take care of themselves at the expense of the sheep (the people).  Finally it speaks of the True Shepherd (Jesus Christ) coming to love, feed, and care for the people of God.  Are we following the True Shepherd who is Jesus Christ?  If not we are lost forever and headed for hell.

Read Ezekiel 34

Jer 50:6 "My people have been lost sheep. Their shepherds have led them astray; They have turned them away on the mountains. They have gone from mountain to hill; They have forgotten their resting place.

 Speak about how Shepherds bring the sheep into the fold with others and then out in the fields they have their own fold

3 Characteristics of the True Shepherd

  1. Enters by the door – Comes the right way
  2. The doorkeeper opens the door
  3. The Sheep recognize His voice and follow Him
  1. Enters by the door – Comes the right way

John 10:1 "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.

Verily, verily, the formula never begins anything quite new, but connects what follows with what precedes. This discourse grows out of the assumption of the Pharisees to be the only authoritative guides of the people (9:24, 29) They have already been described as blind and sinful.

The sheep are the Jews, the sheepfold is Israel and many false shepherds have come and led the sheep the wrong way. Jesus leads them out of the false way of Judaism and into the flock of His people the saved

All through Israel's history false shepherds have come in and taken the sheep, fleeced the sheep. And the only rightful Shepherd, the only one who has messianic authority to come in the door and take His elect sheep and lead them out of Judaism is Jesus Christ. The sheepfold is clearly Israel.

Some of God's are in that sheepfold. And Jesus is the Shepherd Messiah who comes to lead them out of Judaism into a new relationship with God through Him. And all the false leaders of Israel have been trying to climb the walls to impose their false messiahship on the sheep. But here's the rightful Shepherd. The door represents messianic authority. Nobody else had the messianic right to go in that door and lead out God's elect sheep but Jesus Christ Himself. Nobody else. He comes in the right way; He fulfilled all the messianic promises. He was the virgin-born Son of God, born in Bethlehem. He was declared so by the Father who said, "Thou art My beloved Son." He was declared to be so by His words and His works. He was declared to be so by John the Baptist and the testimony of others. 

He came meek and humbly.  The Pharisees came proud, arrogant, haughtily.

Jesus conformed to every messianic promise. He was the rightful Shepherd, the one sent from the Father to take those who would believe of Israel, lead them out of Judaism to form a new flock, soon to become His glorious church.

Some other way Lit., from some other quarter. The thief does not, like the shepherd, come from some well-known direction, as from his dwelling or from the pasture, but from an unknown quarter and by a road of his own. This from is significant, because, in the previous discourses, Jesus has laid great stress on the source from which He proceeded, and has made the difference in character between Himself and His opposers turn upon difference of origin. See 8:23, 42, and 44. In the latter part of this chapter He brings out the same thought (vv. 30, 32, 33, 36).

How industrious are wicked people to do mischief! What plots will they lay, what pains will they take, what hazards will they run, in their wicked pursuits! This should shame us out of our slothfulness and cowardice in the service of God.

Jesus uses this familiar scene to demonstrate how He is Israel’s true Shepherd, and how the Pharisees and other Jewish leaders are evil shepherds. Evil shepherds—to whom Jesus refers as “thieves and robbers”—do not dare present themselves to the doorkeeper, because he will know them for what they are, and will not grant them access to the sheep, since their intent is to steal sheep and to kill them

Mt 23:13 "But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men; for you neither go in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.

They thought they had just “slammed the door” in the face of the man who was born blind, but in truth he just found the “door” in Christ and entered into eternal life.

Mark 11:17 (ESV) 17 And he was teaching them and saying to them, “Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations’? But you have made it a den of robbers.”

Here the man jumping over the wall comes to steal and to do it by violence like a bandit. He is both thief and robber.

 2 "But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.  Jesus is the true Shepherd, Israel’s Messiah.

Shepherd - Old word with a root meaning to protect. Jesus applies it to himself in verse 16 and implies it here. It is used of Christ in 1 Peter 2:25 (ESV) 25 For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.

John 1:11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him

Mt 9:36 But when He saw the multitudes, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were weary and scattered, like sheep having no shepherd.

The psalmist said, "The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want." The psalmist said in Psalm 77, "Thou leadest Thou people like a flock." In Psalm 79, "We, Thy people, the sheep of Thy pasture, will give Thee thanks forever." In Psalm 80, "Give ear, O shepherd of Israel," the psalmist said, "Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock." Psalm 95, "He is our God and we are the people of His pasture and the sheep of His hand." God was a shepherd to Israel.

Eze 34:31 “You are My flock, the flock of My pasture; you are men, and I am your God,” says the Lord God.

Hebrews 13:20 (ESV) 20 Now may the God of peace who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, the great shepherd of the sheep, by the blood of the eternal covenant,

Paul applies it to ministers in Ephesians 4:11 (ESV) 11 And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers,

Jesus uses the verb ποιμαινω [poimainō], to shepherd, to Peter John 21:16 (ESV)16 He said to him a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Tend my sheep.”

Peter uses it to other preachers 1 Peter 5:1–4 (ESV) 5 So I exhort the elders among you, as a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, as well as a partaker in the glory that is going to be revealed: shepherd the flock of God that is among you, exercising oversight, not under compulsion, but willingly, as God would have you; not for shameful gain, but eagerly; not domineering over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock. And when the chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.

Paul uses it for bishops (elders) in Acts 20:28–29 (ESV) 28 Pay careful attention to yourselves and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to care for the church of God, which he obtained with his own blood. 29 I know that after my departure fierce wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock;

Our word pastor is simply Latin for shepherd. Christ is drawing a sharp contrast after the conduct of the Pharisees towards the blind man between himself and them. #HLMSocial*F


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