27
Jan
2016

ROMANS 5:1-2 OUR SECURITY IN CHRIST/11 BENEFITS OF TRUSTING CHRIST PART 1

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Romans 5:1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,

 2 through whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

Chapter 1 of Romans Paul says in verse 16 that the Gospel is the power of God unto salvation.

In Chapters1-3 He declares all have sinned and are guilty before God.

In chapter 4 Paul shows that David and Abraham were justified by faith not works

In chapter 5 Paul starts out in the first 11 verses showing us that since we are saved by faith we are kept by Jesus’ power not by our own works and Paul gives us 11 benefits of trusting Christ

Uses the words through Jesus Christ 6 times in verses 1, 2, 9, 10, 11—Twice in verse 11.

Romans 5:1-11                                      

Having been Justified: Justification is the pardoning of guilt and the penalty of sin (legally being declared righteous because Jesus paid the penalty for our sin)

1.     V-1 We have Peace with God:        

John 16:33a These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace

We have declared ourselves at war with God because of our sinful rebellion which means He is at war with us too

James 4:4 Adulterers and adulteresses! Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity

or hostility with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.

·       But if you have trusted Christ that war is ended

Phil 4:6-7 Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God; 7 and the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.

2.     V-2 We have Access to God: Or an introduction to Grace through Jesus Christ

The word access means to be ushered into the presence of royalty, Jesus through his sacrifice on the cross ushers us into the very presence of God.

It also means a harbor or haven, we are safe now in the arms of God just like a ship in the harbor.

Eph 2:18 For through Him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father.

3.     V-2 We have Standing before God: A permanent secure position in grace

Eph 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ., 19 Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God,

Heb 10:19-22 19 Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh, 21 and having a High Priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

Rev. 1:6 He has made us priests and kings

1Peter 5:12 By Silvanus, our faithful brother as I consider him, I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God in which you stand.

4.     V-2 We can rejoice in the Hope of the Glory of God:

1Peter 1:3-5 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

·       A hope of heaven because Jesus paid the price and God promised to save us if we believe that he paid for our sins.

Hebrews 6:19 This hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which enters the Presence behind the veil, 20 where the forerunner has entered for us, even Jesus, having become High Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.

20
Jan
2016

ROMANS 4:18-25 ABRAHAM’S BELIEF LEADS TO HIS SALVATION

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Romans 4:18 who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, "So shall your descendants be." 19 And not being weak in faith, he did not consider his own body, already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah's womb. 20 He did not waver at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God, 21 and being fully convinced that what He had promised He was also able to perform. 22 And therefore "it was accounted to him for righteousness." 23 Now it was not written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him, 24 but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 who was delivered up because of our offenses, and was raised because of our justification.

(NKJV)                                                                                   

v-18 contrary to hope  in other words it was humanly impossible This was too good to be true, it was beyond belief that God would make him heir of the whole world and give him a standing(eternal Life) which he did not deserve

Don't talk about faith, but about the God in whom you have placed your faith

According to what was spoken: this is a quotation from Gen 15:5

v-19 being not weak .. he did not doubt God even though what God had promised was too amazing

Sarah 90 years old and Abraham about a hundred

Gen 18:1 Then the LORD appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamre, as he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day.  Gen 18:9 Then they said to him, "Where is Sarah your wife?" So he said, "Here, in the tent." 10 And He said, "I will certainly return to you according to the time of life, and behold, Sarah your wife shall have a son." (Sarah was listening in the tent door which was behind him.) 11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old, well advanced in age; and Sarah had passed the age of childbearing. 12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, "After I have grown old, shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?" 13 And the LORD said to Abraham, "Why did Sarah laugh, saying, `Shall I surely bear a child, since I am old?' 14 "Is anything too hard for the LORD? At the appointed time I will return to you, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son."

v-20 giving glory to God.. believing him gives GOD the glory

1John 5:10 He who believes in the Son of God has the witness in himself; he who does not believe  God has made Him a liar, because he has not believed the testimony that God has given of His Son.

v-21 fully convinced

v22 accounted for righteousness because of his genuine faith

v-23-24 Not written for his sake alone. If Abraham was justified by faith in Christ then so are we.

v-25 delivered up means crucified, for our offenses means our sins

raised because of our justification(being declared righteous)

The resurrection proved that God had accepted the sacrifice of his Son and would be able to be just and yet justify the ungodly

Colossians 1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:

Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is the substance (or certainty) of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.

The only good thing about you or me is Jesus Christ, He wants to make us like Him.

Hebrews 4:15 For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. 16 Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

Hebrews 10:12 But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God,

Hebrews 12:2 looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Romans 10:9-13 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11 For the Scripture says, "Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame." 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call upon Him. 13 For "whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved."

13
Jan
2016

ROMANS 4:13-17 THE PROMISE OF SALVATION IS THROUGH THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF FAITH

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Romans 4:13 For the promise that he would be the heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise made of no effect, 15 because the law brings about wrath; for where there is no law there is no transgression. 16 Therefore it is of faith that it might be according to grace, so that the promise might be sure to all the seed, not only to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all 17 (as it is written, "I have made you a father of many nations") in the presence of Him whom he believed--God, who gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they did;

 Romans 4:13-25 INTRO:

1.     One one side we have God's promise, faith, and grace

·       God's promise

Genesis 17:4-5 "As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations. "No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations.

·       God's gift of Faith

Staking everything on God's love and believing what He promised is true

·       God's Grace or Mercy

An unearned and undeserved gift of eternal life

2.     On the other side we have the law, transgression and wrath:

·       The law is a tutor or teacher to show us where we have gone wrong. It can only show us we are sick with sin. It can never cure us. When we see a keep off the grass sign, it usually makes us want to walk on it. This is the sin nature which does this to us.

·       Transgression or Sin: If we did not have the law we would never know right from wrong and therefore we would not be condemned for breaking the law

·       Wrath or Punishment: Is what we think of when we break a law, it is punishment for doing wrong. We know if we get caught we will pay for our sin, but God knows everything and whether we get caught or punished here on earth doesn't matter because God will punish us if we do not know Christ as our personal Savior and Lord.

Hebrews 4:13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.

1.     v-13-15 God's promise to Abraham and his heirs is not through the law

To his seed refers to Jesus Christ

v-13 Abraham was 75 when the promise was given, several hundred years before the law was given to Moses

There are two Greek words for the word promise. One is conditional and means to promise to do this if you do that. The other is an unconditional promise, which is based on doing it out of the goodness of ones heart, no matter what the other person does.

This is the word Paul uses here, it means the promise was unconditional

Gen 15:1-21 Is where the Lord made the covenant that was unconditional.

Gen 15:17 And it came to pass, when the sun went down and it was dark, that behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a burning torch that passed between those pieces.

Hebrews 6:13-19 gives us an explanation of Gen 15:1-21

13 For when God made a promise to Abraham, because He could swear by no one greater, He swore by Himself, 14 saying, "Surely blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply you."

Gal 3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed. 24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. 26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Faith is the key to Heaven:

What is faith, it is not just believing mentally;

James 2:19 You believe that there is one God. You do well. Even the demons believe----and tremble!

Luke 4:33-34 Now in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried out with a loud voice, 34 saying, "Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are----the Holy One of God!"

 Nor is it trusting God temporarily for prayers or help in a time of trouble

What is it: Faith is trusting in the right object, trusting in Jesus Christ alone for eternal life

Acts 16:31 So they said, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved, you and your household."

v-14 If those of the law are heirs then faith is made void

If I promised to give you a million dollars if you would jump up and touch a limb in a tree 50 feet up could you do it? No, the promise is worthless, no one can jump 50 feet high. Even though I am sincere the promise is no good to you.

That is what the Scriptures tell us, to keep all Ten commandments, yet we can't in our own strength

James 2:10 For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all.

v-15  The law exposes our sinfulness

Wrath is the removal of all divine protection,  you can do what you want. In Romans 1 Paul said God gave them up, God gave them up, and God gave them over

CS Lewis said that there are two kinds of people, those who say God," thy will be done" and those to whom God is saying'" thy will be done" That is wrath.

Our lives fall apart when God abandons us and we feel the emptiness, loneliness and worthlessness which leads to despair and depression and who knows what we are capable of when this happens.

2.     God's promise to Abraham and his heirs is through faith

v-16 The promise comes by faith. What works could not do faith does.

1Cor 3:22 whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas, or the world or life or death, or things present or things to come----all are yours. 23  And you are Christ's, and Christ is God's.

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ,

·       Not only of the law but to us of the faith

Those of the law are Jews and we are the ones of faith, but Abraham is the father of us all

·       According to grace

v-17 As it is written: quoted from Gen 17:5

gives life to the dead: God made Sarah's womb and Abraham's body able to have a child

calls those things: calls us righteous and called Christ sin who knew no sin. This is the God who created everything out of nothing (ex nihilo)

2 Corinthians 5:21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

·       Having proved that the law can't save you and that it is by God's grace that you are saved Paul sets out to prove a third point

6
Jan
2016

ROMANS 4:9-12 RELIGIOUS RITUALS CANNOT SAVE YOU

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Romans 4:9 Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness. 10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised.

Abraham Justified before Circumcision • Religious rites cannot save you Ro 4:9 Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness. Paul is anticipating the Jews response to everything said so far. They would ask if Abraham was justified by faith alone, then why did God command him and his descendants to be circumcised? His response answers not only the question about circumcision, but all other questions about clinging to some other kind of religious ceremony or activity as a basis for righteousness Uncircumcised... the Gentiles or any one other than the Jews Ro 4:10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised. The order of events in Genesis prove that Abraham was circumcised at least 14 years after God declared him to be righteous Gen 15:6 And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness. Gen 16:16 Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram. Gen 17:10 "This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised; Gen 17:24 Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. The argument of vv. 9-10 is that since Abraham was justified before he was circumcised (at least 14 years earlier, 29 years by rabbinic calculations), circumcision and being a biological descendant of Abraham (or any manner of inclusion in the nation of Israel) is not the issue as far as receiving the blessing of justification is concerned. What is at issue is expressed in vv. 11-12 Ro 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, Ro 4:12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised. Addresses the Gentiles first(uncircumcised) so as to let the Jews know faith is the priority Circumcision was a sign of righteousness, not the cause His circumcision was a sign (certificate of authenticiy) of what he already possessed. This point would have encouraged Paul's Jewish readers, who made so much of circumcision, to keep it in its proper place as secondary to faith. As a sign, it was evidence that he belonged to God and believed His promise. As a seal, it was a reminder to him that God had given the promise and would keep it. sign of the covenant... a sign that one was of line of Abraham, but the symbolism had to do with the need to cut away sin and be cleansed. It symbolized the need for cleansing which would reverse the wickedness of man. Every time a baby is conceived, we have just produced another sinner. Sign of the covenant... a sign that one was of line of Abraham, a health benefit, but the symbolism had to do with the need to cut away sin and be cleansed. It was the male organ that which most clearly demonstrated the depth of our wickedness because it carries the seed which produces wicked sinners. So it symbolized the need for cleansing which would reverse the wickedness of man It was a sign just as Baptism is today. It is the OT equivalent of the NT Baptism. A sign to others that we have trusted in the cleansing of sin by the death of Jesus Christ on the cross to get us into Heaven and nothing else. Seal... an outward demonstration of the righteousness credited to him by faith A seal is the guarantee, it shows the authenticity of something like on a college degree. a seal on a legal document means it is a finished contract, It also means security.. We are secure in Christ Hebrews 6:19 This hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which enters the Presence behind the veil, Authenticity… It’ real Ownership…He owns us Authority and power

Abraham did not receive circumcision as a result of his obedience to the Torah, nor is genuine membership in the people of God based on works, religious rites, or inclusion in the nation of Israel. This is what John 1:12 says Joh 1:12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. 1Co 1:17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect. Gal 3:7 Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. In verse 12 Paul has only one group in mind—Jews who believe. His argument is that Abraham is not the spiritual father of any Jew who is circumcised, and yet has no faith. Rather, he is the spiritual father of every Jew who has faith—the kind of faith, that is, that Abraham had while he was still uncircumcised. This final comment about “the faith our father Abraham possessed when he was still uncircumcised” emphasizes a faith that has no desire to rest on the rite of circumcision or any other foundation (e.g., works) other than God’s grace and mercy. What are you believing in to be saved? Your works, keeping the law, I am a good person or some other ceremony such as Baptism, confirmation, communion, ... What can wash away my sin, nothing but the blood of Jesus. Idea: Accept God’s Gift of Righteousness by Faith Alone I. Don’t Trust Your Works (4:1-8) A. God Doesn’t Justify People by Works (4:1-3) B. God Justifies the Ungodly by Faith (4:4-8) II. Don’t Trust Religious Rites (4:9-12) Lessons 1. First, the use of Genesis 15:6 to demonstrate an essential NT doctrine, i.e., justification by faith apart from works, demonstrates the essential, salvational unity between the testaments. Thus the OT can be read with profit by any Christian—a fact Paul appeals to later in Romans 15:4. 2. Second, and in keeping with the overarching theme of promise, is that justification is by grace through faith involving no merit of our own. This passage affirms that we are unable to save ourselves and that grace is our only hope. This being the case, the observance of religious rites, such as circumcision, communion, confirmation, or baptism, for that matter is of no value in securing a relationship with God. 3. Third, this passage, through the use of Abrahamic traditions, affirms the offer of salvation beyond the confines of Israel. Those who become Christians by faith participate in the Abrahamic promise and are children of Abraham. 4. Fourth, this passage teaches that an essential element of justification involves the forgiveness of sins.