5:1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through
our Lord Jesus Christ,
2 through whom also we have access by faith
into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
1 of Romans Paul says in verse 16 that the Gospel is the power of God unto
Chapters1-3 He declares all have sinned and are guilty before God.
chapter 4 Paul shows that David and Abraham were justified by faith not works
chapter 5 Paul starts out in the first 11 verses showing us that since we are
saved by faith we are kept by Jesus’ power not by our own works and Paul gives
us 11 benefits of trusting Christ
the words through Jesus Christ 6 times in verses 1, 2, 9, 10, 11—Twice in verse
been Justified: Justification is the pardoning of guilt and the penalty of sin
(legally being declared righteous because Jesus paid the penalty for our sin)
We have Peace with God:
16:33a These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace
have declared ourselves at war with God because of our sinful rebellion which
means He is at war with us too
4:4 Adulterers and adulteresses! Do you not know that friendship with the world
hostility with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend of the world makes
himself an enemy of God.
· But if you have
trusted Christ that war is ended
4:6-7 Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication,
with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God; 7 and the peace of
God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds
through Christ Jesus.
We have Access to God: Or an introduction to Grace through Jesus Christ
word access means to be ushered into the presence of royalty, Jesus through his
sacrifice on the cross ushers us into the very presence of God.
also means a harbor or haven, we are safe now in the arms of God just like a
ship in the harbor.
2:18 For through Him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father.
We have Standing before God: A permanent secure position in grace
2:13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near
by the blood of Christ., 19 Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and
foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of
10:19-22 19 Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the
blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through
the veil, that is, His flesh, 21 and having
a High Priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near with a true heart in
full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience
and our bodies washed with pure water.
1:6 He has made us priests and kings
5:12 By Silvanus, our faithful brother as I consider him, I have written to you
briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God in which
We can rejoice in the Hope of the Glory of God:
1:3-5 Blessed be the God and Father
of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us
again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
4 to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away,
reserved in heaven for you, 5 who are kept by the power of God through faith
for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
· A hope of heaven
because Jesus paid the price and God promised to save us if we believe that he
paid for our sins.
6:19 This hope we have as an anchor
of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which enters the Presence behind the veil, 20 where the forerunner
has entered for us, even Jesus,
having become High Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.
4:18 who, contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of
many nations, according to what was spoken, "So shall your descendants
be." 19 And not being weak in faith, he did not consider his own body,
already dead (since he was about a hundred years old), and the deadness of
Sarah's womb. 20 He did not waver at the promise of God through unbelief, but
was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God, 21 and being fully convinced
that what He had promised He was also able to perform. 22 And therefore
"it was accounted to him for righteousness." 23 Now it was not
written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him, 24 but also for us. It
shall be imputed to us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the
dead, 25 who was delivered up because of our offenses, and was raised because
of our justification.
contrary to hope in other words it was
humanly impossible This was too good to be true, it was beyond belief that God
would make him heir of the whole world and give him a standing(eternal Life)
which he did not deserve
talk about faith, but about the God in whom you have placed your faith
to what was spoken: this is a quotation from Gen 15:5
being not weak .. he did not doubt God even though what God had promised was
90 years old and Abraham about a hundred
18:1 Then the LORD appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamre, as he was
sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day. Gen 18:9 Then they said to him, "Where is Sarah your wife?" So he said,
"Here, in the tent." 10 And He said, "I will certainly return to
you according to the time of life, and behold, Sarah your wife shall have a
son." (Sarah was listening in the tent door which was behind him.) 11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old, well advanced
in age; and Sarah had passed the age
of childbearing. 12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, "After
I have grown old, shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?" 13 And
the LORD said to Abraham, "Why did Sarah laugh, saying, `Shall I surely
bear a child, since I am old?' 14
"Is anything too hard for the LORD? At the appointed time I will return to
you, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son."
giving glory to God.. believing him gives GOD the glory
5:10 He who believes in the Son of God has the witness in himself; he who does
not believe God has made Him a liar,
because he has not believed the testimony that God has given of His Son.
accounted for righteousness because of his genuine faith
Not written for his sake alone. If Abraham was justified by faith in Christ
then so are we.
delivered up means crucified, for our offenses means our sins
because of our justification(being declared righteous)
resurrection proved that God had accepted the sacrifice of his Son and would be
able to be just and yet justify the ungodly
1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:
11:1 Now faith is the substance (or certainty) of things
hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.
only good thing about you or me is Jesus Christ, He wants to make us like Him.
4:15 For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our
weaknesses, but was in all points
tempted as we are, yet without sin.
16 Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain
mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
10:12 But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat
down at the right hand of God,
12:2 looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the
cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right
hand of the throne of God.
10:9-13 that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your
heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the
heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made
unto salvation. 11 For the Scripture says, "Whoever believes on Him will
not be put to shame." 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and
Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call upon Him. 13 For
"whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved."
4:13 For the promise that he would be the heir of the world was not to Abraham
or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For
if those who are of the law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise made
of no effect, 15 because the law brings about wrath; for where there is no law
there is no transgression. 16 Therefore it is of faith that it might be
according to grace, so that the promise might be sure to all the seed, not only
to those who are of the law, but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham,
who is the father of us all 17 (as it is written, "I have made you a
father of many nations") in the presence of Him whom he believed--God, who
gives life to the dead and calls those things which do not exist as though they
one side we have God's promise, faith, and grace
· God's promise
17:4-5 "As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a
father of many nations. "No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your
name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations.
· God's gift of Faith
everything on God's love and believing what He promised is true
· God's Grace or Mercy
unearned and undeserved gift of eternal life
the other side we have the law, transgression and wrath:
· The law is a tutor or
teacher to show us where we have gone wrong. It can only show us we are sick
with sin. It can never cure us. When we see a keep off the grass sign, it
usually makes us want to walk on it. This is the sin nature which does this to
· Transgression or Sin:
If we did not have the law we would never know right from wrong and therefore
we would not be condemned for breaking the law
· Wrath or Punishment:
Is what we think of when we break a law, it is punishment for doing wrong. We
know if we get caught we will pay for our sin, but God knows everything and
whether we get caught or punished here on earth doesn't matter because God will
punish us if we do not know Christ as our personal Savior and Lord.
4:13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to
whom we must give account.
God's promise to Abraham and his heirs is not through the law
his seed refers to Jesus Christ
Abraham was 75 when the promise was given, several hundred years before the law
was given to Moses
are two Greek words for the word promise. One is conditional and means to
promise to do this if you do that. The other is an unconditional promise, which
is based on doing it out of the goodness of ones heart, no matter what the
other person does.
is the word Paul uses here, it means the promise was unconditional
15:1-21 Is where the Lord made the covenant that was unconditional.
15:17 And it came to pass, when the sun went down and it was dark, that behold,
there appeared a smoking oven and a burning torch that passed between those pieces.
6:13-19 gives us an explanation of Gen 15:1-21
For when God made a promise to Abraham, because He could swear by no one
greater, He swore by Himself, 14 saying, "Surely blessing I will bless
you, and multiplying I will multiply you."
3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the
faith which would afterward be revealed. 24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be
justified by faith. 25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a
tutor. 26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as
many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28 There is
neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male
nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's
seed, and heirs according to the promise.
is the key to Heaven:
is faith, it is not just believing mentally;
2:19 You believe that there is one God. You do well. Even the demons
4:33-34 Now in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean
demon. And he cried out with a loud voice, 34 saying, "Let us alone! What have we to do with You,
Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are----the Holy
One of God!"
Nor is it trusting God temporarily for prayers
or help in a time of trouble
is it: Faith is trusting in the right object, trusting in Jesus Christ alone
for eternal life
16:31 So they said, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be
saved, you and your household."
If those of the law are heirs then faith is made void
I promised to give you a million dollars if you would jump up and touch a limb
in a tree 50 feet up could you do it? No, the promise is worthless, no one can
jump 50 feet high. Even though I am sincere the promise is no good to you.
is what the Scriptures tell us, to keep all Ten commandments, yet we can't in
our own strength
2:10 For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all.
v-15 The law exposes our sinfulness
is the removal of all divine protection, you can do what you want. In Romans 1 Paul
said God gave them up, God gave them up, and God gave them over
Lewis said that there are two kinds of people, those who say God," thy
will be done" and those to whom God is saying'" thy will be
done" That is wrath.
lives fall apart when God abandons us and we feel the emptiness, loneliness and
worthlessness which leads to despair and depression and who knows what we are
capable of when this happens.
promise to Abraham and his heirs is through faith
The promise comes by faith. What works could not do faith does.
3:22 whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas, or the world or life or death, or
things present or things to come----all are yours. 23 And you are
Christ's, and Christ is God's.
1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of
our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in
the heavenly places in
· Not only of the law
but to us of the faith
of the law are Jews and we are the ones of faith, but Abraham is the father of
· According to grace
As it is written: quoted from Gen 17:5
life to the dead: God made Sarah's womb and Abraham's body able to have a child
those things: calls us righteous and called Christ sin who knew no sin. This is
the God who created everything out of nothing (ex nihilo)
Corinthians 5:21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might
become the righteousness of God in Him.
· Having proved that
the law can't save you and that it is by God's grace that you are saved Paul sets
out to prove a third point
Romans 4:9 Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness. 10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised. 11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised.
Abraham Justified before Circumcision
• Religious rites cannot save you
Ro 4:9 Does this blessedness then come upon the circumcised only, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was accounted to Abraham for righteousness.
Paul is anticipating the Jews response to everything said so far. They would ask if Abraham was justified by faith alone, then why did God command him and his descendants to be circumcised?
His response answers not only the question about circumcision, but all other questions about clinging to some other kind of religious ceremony or activity as a basis for righteousness
Uncircumcised... the Gentiles or any one other than the Jews
Ro 4:10 How then was it accounted? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised.
The order of events in Genesis prove that Abraham was circumcised at least 14 years after God declared him to be righteous
Gen 15:6 And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.
Gen 16:16 Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.
Gen 17:10 "This is My covenant which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised;
Gen 17:24 Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
The argument of vv. 9-10 is that since Abraham was justified before he was circumcised (at least 14 years earlier, 29 years by rabbinic calculations), circumcision and being a biological descendant of Abraham (or any manner of inclusion in the nation of Israel) is not the issue as far as receiving the blessing of justification is concerned. What is at issue is expressed in vv. 11-12
Ro 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, Ro 4:12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised.
Addresses the Gentiles first(uncircumcised) so as to let the Jews know faith is the priority
Circumcision was a sign of righteousness, not the cause
His circumcision was a sign (certificate of authenticiy) of what he already possessed. This point would have encouraged Paul's Jewish readers, who made so much of circumcision, to keep it in its proper place as secondary to faith.
As a sign, it was evidence that he belonged to God and believed His promise. As a seal, it was a reminder to him that God had given the promise and would keep it.
sign of the covenant... a sign that one was of line of Abraham, but the symbolism had to do with the need to cut away sin and be cleansed. It symbolized the need for cleansing which would reverse the wickedness of man. Every time a baby is conceived, we have just produced another sinner.
Sign of the covenant... a sign that one was of line of Abraham, a health benefit, but the symbolism had to do with the need to cut away sin and be cleansed. It was the male organ that which most clearly demonstrated the depth of our wickedness because it carries the seed which produces wicked sinners. So it symbolized the need for cleansing which would reverse the wickedness of man
It was a sign just as Baptism is today. It is the OT equivalent of the NT Baptism. A sign to others that we have trusted in the cleansing of sin by the death of Jesus Christ on the cross to get us into Heaven and nothing else.
Seal... an outward demonstration of the righteousness credited to him by faith
A seal is the guarantee, it shows the authenticity of something like on a college degree.
a seal on a legal document means it is a finished contract,
It also means security.. We are secure in Christ
Hebrews 6:19 This hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which enters the Presence behind the veil,
Authenticity… It’ real
Ownership…He owns us
Authority and power
Abraham did not receive circumcision as a result of his obedience to the Torah, nor is genuine membership in the people of God based on works, religious rites, or inclusion in the nation of Israel. This is what John 1:12 says
Joh 1:12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1Co 1:17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with wisdom of words, lest the cross of Christ should be made of no effect.
Gal 3:7 Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham.
In verse 12 Paul has only one group in mind—Jews who believe. His argument is that Abraham is not the spiritual father of any Jew who is circumcised, and yet has no faith. Rather, he is the spiritual father of every Jew who has faith—the kind of faith, that is, that Abraham had while he was still uncircumcised.
This final comment about “the faith our father Abraham possessed when he was still uncircumcised” emphasizes a faith that has no desire to rest on the rite of circumcision or any other foundation (e.g., works) other than God’s grace and mercy.
What are you believing in to be saved? Your works, keeping the law, I am a good person or some other ceremony such as Baptism, confirmation, communion, ... What can wash away my sin, nothing but the blood of Jesus.
Idea: Accept God’s Gift of Righteousness by Faith Alone
I. Don’t Trust Your Works (4:1-8)
A. God Doesn’t Justify People by Works (4:1-3)
B. God Justifies the Ungodly by Faith (4:4-8)
II. Don’t Trust Religious Rites (4:9-12)
1. First, the use of Genesis 15:6 to demonstrate an essential NT doctrine, i.e., justification by faith apart from works, demonstrates the essential, salvational unity between the testaments. Thus the OT can be read with profit by any Christian—a fact Paul appeals to later in Romans 15:4.
2. Second, and in keeping with the overarching theme of promise, is that justification is by grace through faith involving no merit of our own. This passage affirms that we are unable to save ourselves and that grace is our only hope. This being the case, the observance of religious rites, such as circumcision, communion, confirmation, or baptism, for that matter is of no value in securing a relationship with God.
3. Third, this passage, through the use of Abrahamic traditions, affirms the offer of salvation beyond the confines of Israel. Those who become Christians by faith participate in the Abrahamic promise and are children of Abraham.
4. Fourth, this passage teaches that an essential element of justification involves the forgiveness of sins.