Romans 3:1 What advantage then has the Jew, or what is the profit of circumcision?  2 Much in every way! Chiefly because to them were committed the oracles of God. 3 For what if some did not believe? Will their unbelief make the faithfulness of God without effect? 4 Certainly not! Indeed, let God be true but every man a liar. As it is written: "That You may be justified in Your words, And may overcome when You are judged."

 In this chapter are an answer to several objections which follow one upon another,  relating to what the apostle had said concerning the equality of the Gentiles with the Jews; and various proofs out of the Psalms and Prophets,  showing the general depravity and corruption of mankind,  of the Jews as well as of the Gentiles; and the conclusion from all this,  that there is no justification by the works of the law, but by the righteousness of God received by faith,  of which a large and clear account is given. The first objection is in Romans 3:1, and is taken from the unprofitableness of being a Jew and a circumcised person, 

Since Paul has been saying that the Jew and Gentiles are on equal footing or stand equally before God he asks and answers a series of questions remove any objections some might bring up

Deuteronomy 33:29 Happy are you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD, The shield of your help And the sword of your majesty! Your enemies shall submit to you, And you shall tread down their high places."

1.     Objection 1  If Jew and Gentile stand on equal ground then what advantage then has the Jew

V-1 What advantage then has the Jew, or what is the profit of circumcision?

Psalms 147:19 - 20 He declares His word to Jacob, His statutes and His judgments to Israel. 20 He has not dealt thus with any nation; And as for His judgments, they have not known them. Praise the LORD!

V-2 Much in every way Rom 9:4-5 who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises; 5 of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.

 the oracles, scriptures, promises, and sayings of God - oracle is the word which we get logos or the Word (the words or utterances of God

The OT word contains the truth about salvation and also the basics of the gospel

The Jew had the advantage of the special revelation of God's law. Yet this could not save him because he could not keep it. The law increased his responsibility but demonstrated his inability to live up to God's standards.

Psalms 19:7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul; The testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple; 8 The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; The commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes;

1Peter 1:23 - 25 having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever, 24 because "All flesh is as grass, And all the glory of man as the flower of the grass. The grass withers, And its flower falls away, 25 But the word of the LORD endures forever." Now this is the word which by the gospel was preached to you.

2Timothy 3:15 and that from childhood you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.

2.     Objection 2      Does the unfaithfulness of man make God's faithfulness of no effect

v-3 What if some did not believe

Isaiah 55:5 Surely you shall call a nation you do not know, And nations who do not know you shall run to you, Because of the LORD your God, And the Holy One of Israel; For He has glorified you." 6 Seek the LORD while He may be found, Call upon Him while He is near.

 v-4 Is God's faithfulness diminished by our unfaithfulness. God Forbid.

Paul knew that the Jewish leaders would disagree with the statements that God has not guaranteed to fulfil his promises to every physical descendant of Abraham. But Paul would say that before any Jew can inherit the promises that he must first come to repentance and faith.

Paul knew the Jewish leaders would try to make others believe that he was saying God had abandoned the Jews since they had been entrusted with many promises and the word and were not transformed by them

Can man change the natural laws of the planet? The sun coming up, the moon rising, gravity working, the seasons changing,

No and man cannot change a God who made promises to the Jews and us that will be fulfilled in response to our belief

Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever.

Let God be true or found true.

As it is written: quoted from Psalms 51:4

When David sinned with Bathsheba and committed adultery and murder, God sent Nathan to confront him in about this sin in 2Samuel 11-12 and rather than try to make God out a liar he confesses his sin. David says he has done evil in God's sight(in other words he agrees with God)

Psalms 51:3 or I acknowledge my transgressions, And my sin is always before me. 4Against You, You only, have I sinned, And done this evil in Your sight--That You may be found just when You speak, And blameless when You judge.



Romans 2:25 For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 26 Therefore, if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? 27 And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law? 28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh; 29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God. (NKJV)

External Religion cannot replace righteous living

Circumcision is of no avail or the impossibility of rituals pleasing God

Paul starts to remind his readers that religion without a heart change is useless

Many today think that because they were baptized as an infant or an adult, take communion, have been through confirmation, do good deeds, done more good than bad, or many other things the Bible does not say, they are going to heaven

v-25 Every male Jew was circumcised as an infant.

Gen 17:10-14 It was a sign that one was of the covenant community

Romans 4:11 shows that circumcision was a sign of righteousness

Paul's credentials or resume is in Phil 3:3-7

Profitable- it was profitable if done as an act of obedience and as a reminder of the covenant relationship with God.

Uncircumcision - If a Jew continued to break the law had no more of a saving relationship than an uncircumcised Gentile. It was no more than an outward symbol if there was no heart relationship with God

Circumcision went from being a rite or solemn religious ceremony practiced in the home to a ritual or practice that had no meaning. It was done because it was required not because of the love for GOD


Deuteronomy 10:16 "Therefore circumcise the foreskin of your heart, and be stiff-necked no longer.

Colossians 2:11 In Him you were also circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ,

The true mark of God’s child is not an outward symbol, such as circumcision, but a godly condition of the heart.

Ga 5:6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but faith working through love.

Ga 6:15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but a new creation.

The Gospel of Christ demands an inward change: “You must be born again” (John 3:7). It is not obedience to a religious system that will allow one to pass the test when Christ judges the secrets of men’s hearts. It is the Gospel of Christ that is God’s power unto salvation, both to Jew and Gentile (Rom. 1:16). If a person has never believed the Gospel and received Christ, then he or she stands condemned. The Jews, with all their religion and legalism, were (and are) just as much under sin as the Gentiles—and more so, because to them were given greater privileges and opportunities to know the truth


It is possible to think you are okay with God by what you say

  1. It is possible to think you are okay with God by what you do
  2. Your walk should match your talk if you are truly a Christian



Ro 2:21 You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal?22 You who say, "Do not commit adultery," do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples?  23 You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law?  24 For "the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you," as it is written.


V21-23 Paul asks a series of questions designed to show the difference between what the Jews knew and what they practiced

v-21 First he asks do you practice what you preach

Matt 23:1-5 Pharisee's taught it but did not practice

Then he speaks of three sins that were in abundance among the Jews

Stealing - Psalms 50:16-21 ungodly God does not want them teaching his covenant, stealing

Matt 23:14-15 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation. 15 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel land and sea to win one proselyte, and when he is won, you make him twice as much a son of hell as yourselves.

James 1:27  Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their trouble, and to keep oneself unspotted from the world.

v-22  Adultery - Malachi 3:5  And I will come near you for judgment; I will be a swift witness Against sorcerers, Against adulterers, Against perjurers, Against those who exploit wage earners and widows and orphans,

Rob temples  - Acts 19:37  "For you have brought these men here who are neither robbers of temples nor blasphemers of your goddess.

V 23 Paul goes back to verse 17 and mentions again their boasting in the law and yet you break God's law and dishonor Him

John MacArthur says that since it was impossible to keep the law perfectly some of the rabbis began teaching that learning the law was sufficient, then some claimed that possessing the law in the form of scrolls was sufficient and lastly some taught that the Jews were safe from Judgement because they were God's chosen people to be the receivers and custodians of the law

V 24 quoted from Isaiah 52:5

Blaspheme means to be evil spoken of, reviled, railed at

This means the Jews were not speaking evil of God but that the Gentiles were speaking bad about God, His Word and Christianity because of What they taught vs what they practiced.

Psalms 1:1-6

Matt 23:27 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but inside are full of dead men's bones and all uncleanness. 28 "Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness. 33 "Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell?


Circumcision of no avail or the impossibility of rituals pleasing God

Paul starts to remind his readers that religion without a heart change is useless

Many today think that because they were baptized as an infant they are going to heaven


We minister to people who are locked up in one way, shape or form:  nursing homes (in bodies that don't function);  jail, prison or youth detention centers;  and those addicted to drugs, alcohol and depression.


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