Romans 2:17 Indeed you are called a Jew, and rest on the law, and make your boast in God,  18 and know His will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law, 19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 20 an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having the form of knowledge and truth in the law.

V2:17-20 We see the Jews profession (What they believed and thought they were doing for the world)  Paul says all this to show that what he is about to say is not said out of his ignorance of them

You who rest or rely on the law( the law referred to the first 5 books of the Old Testament  and also the Psalms, Proverbs, and prophets which had been given to the Jews up to that time

The Jews not only had the law, they trusted its truth and believed it and did not study anything else.   

The problem is not believing, which they only did mentally. They did not believe in their hearts and with their emotions that this was for them. They thought they had it all.

James 2:19 You believe that there is one God. You do well. Even the demons believe----and tremble!

Make your boast in God- Because they were called the people of God and had been chosen as his vessels of revelation of God and His Word they thought they had the market on God and there was nothing else to be done

Growing up in church - Pastor or Missionary parents will not get you into heaven

V-18 To know his will- means to know what is agreeable to God (what is right, wrong, commanded by Him, what He approves of, prohibits, and what God rewards. The Jews had an awesome knowledge of God

The word approve means to recognize as genuine after examination and refers to the Jews ability to know right from wrong

The word instructed is the word we get catechism from

Catechism is to instruct orally, especially by repetition

The Jewish boys memorized large portions of scripture they had head knowledge of God not heart

2Tim 3:7 always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.

v-19 confident that you are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness,

Jesus tells them in these verses they are blind

Matt 13:13-15

v-20 an instructor of the foolish,

A teacher of babes,

 Having the form of knowledge and truth in the law.

The word form is morphosis which means external appearance of knowledge and truth  To the outsider they looked good but to God all their works was nothing, it was not from the heart

2Tim 3:5 having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away! 6 For of this sort are those who creep into households and make captives of gullible women loaded down with sins, led away by various lusts, 7 always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.

Head knowledge of God is not Heart Knowledge and it will not save you

Matt 3:7-9 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, "Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 "Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance, 9 “and do not think to say to yourselves, `We have Abraham as our father.' For I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones.

Luke 18:10-14 Pharisee and tax collector be merciful to me a sinner

It is no new thing for evil to be masked as Light in the darkness, Sometimes the one who promises the most to help you is your worst enemy and will destroy you if he can

2 Corinthians 11:14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.




Romans 2:12 For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law  13 (for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified; 14 for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves, 15 who show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them) 16 in the day when God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.

 V11-15 Judgement according to Impartiality

Acts 10:34-43 is the key

V-12 Sinned in the law, judged by the law

Luke 12:41-48 Faithful steward-- those having greater knowledge fall into greater judgement

V-13 will be justified

James 1:22-26

You can't have real faith without works, deeds and fruit

James 2:14-26 says faith without works is dead but I will show you my faith by my works

V-14 by nature do the law--without Scripture men naturally know right from wrong and establish laws based on this natural knowledge

Law unto themselves-- the practice of some good deeds and the avoidance of some evil ones shows they know there is a God.

A knowledge which will witness against them in the day of judgement

John 5:45-47

V-15 their thoughts accusing or else excusing

1 Tim 4:2 speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their own conscience seared with a hot iron,

Eph 4:17-19.

If we want to do something bad enough we can always justify our actions somehow

1.    V16 Certainty of Judgement

Secrets refers to the motives of men

·       Secret sins will be revealed

Psalms 139:1 LORD, You have searched me and known me. 2 You know my sitting down and my rising up; You understand my thought afar off. 3 You comprehend my path and my lying down, And are acquainted with all my ways. 4 For there is not a word on my tongue, But behold, O LORD, You know it altogether.

Psalms 140:1 Deliver me, O LORD, from evil men; Preserve me from violent men, 2 Who plan evil things in their hearts;

·       Secret service will be rewarded

1Corinth 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness and reveal the counsels of the hearts. Then each one's praise will come from God.

Acts 17:31 “because He has appointed a day on which He will judge the world in righteousness by the Man whom He has ordained. He has given assurance of this to all by raising Him from the dead."

Rev 20:11-15



Ro 2:8 but to those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness--indignation and wrath, 9 tribulation and anguish, on every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek; 10 but glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 11 For there is no partiality with God

 V8 & 9 Three characteristics of an unbeliever

·       Self seeking

·       Do not obey the truth

·       Obey unrighteousness

Job 24:13 "There are those who rebel against the light; They do not know its ways Nor abide in its paths.

4 results of unbelief or the wages of sin a wage is payment for something you did

·       Indignation or anger of God

·       Wrath... anger shown by punishment from God

·       Tribulation...affliction, trouble, persecution being put under pressure

·       Distress... narrowness of place,  a narrow place, dire calamity,  extreme affliction

To the Jew 1st and Greek

Amos 3:1 Hear this word that the LORD has spoken against you, O children of Israel, against the whole family which I brought up from the land of Egypt, saying: 2  "You only have I known of all the families of the earth; Therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities."

  1. V11 Judgement according to Impartiality (Not favoring another, being fair when called on to give judgment has no respect of the outward circumstances of man and so does not prefer,  as the more worthy,  one who is rich, high born, popular, or powerful,  to another who does not have these qualities)

Look back at v 6 this is how they are judged

Mt 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 “teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

God does not play favorites

Acts 10:34-43 is the key



Romans 2:4 Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?  5 But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, 6 who "will render to each one according to his deeds": 7 eternal life to those who by patient continuance in doing good seek for glory, honor, and immortality;

 1.    V4 &  5 Judgement according to opportunity

Forbearance is God holding back the judgement we deserve rather than destroying us the moment we sin

Longsuffering is sending kindness and withholding judgement or being slow to send it

God gives us a chance to be saved by repenting.

Repentance is a change of mind, as it appears to one who repents, of a purpose he has formed or of something he has done

V5 Hardheartedness or being unrepentant - comes from the word sclerosis as in arteriosclerosis which is a hardening of the arteries 

Here the danger is not physical but spiritual hardness

A hardened heart can disable you permanently for eternity

Psalms 95:8 Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Treasuring (or storing) up wrath... to reject God's offer of forgiveness and clinging to your sin will earn you more severe judgement

2.    v6 - 10 Judgement according to deeds or works

V6 This verse shows the right or just judgement of God

1John 1: 5 -8

1John 3:2-11 Says if we abide in him we purify ourselves, we can't habitually sin, we love the brethren

v7 &10 These are the redeemed or saved in these verses

·       The saved are the object of his favor

Those who by patient continuance

1 Corinthians 9:25 And every man that strives for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.

Those who have a holy ambition

Those who are patient in well doing

They run the race with endurance

Hebrews 12:1-3

Next we see the product of his favor which are also the goals of every believer

Glory the wonderful condition of blessedness or sinlessness and perfection which is appointed and promised that true Christians shall enter after their Savior’s return from heaven

Honor is the privilege of being in heaven...we are precious to God because are bought and paid for by him when he died on the cross for our sin

 Immortality or eternal life in heaven

John 17:3 "And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

Not only length of life but quality also. No sin, sickness, sorrow, pain, suffering, loneliness


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